2018 fourth hottest year on record

08 February, 2019, 21:42 | Author: Sherry Houston
  • 2018 was the fourth-hottest year on record

The Times created an interactive weather map based on the latest NASA and the NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) study about the world's global temperatures.

Past year was the fourth-hottest globally since record keeping began in 1880, NASA and NOAA announced today (February 6) in a joint news conference.

Globally, 2018's temperatures ranked behind those of 2016, 2017 and 2015. Nine of the 10 warmest years have occurred since 2005, with the last five years comprising the five hottest.

An analysis of five worldwide datasets by the WMO showed that the global average surface temperature in 2018 was approximately 1° above the pre-industrial starting point.

In 2015, nearly 200 governments adopted the Paris climate agreement to phase out the use of fossil fuels and limit the rise in temperatures between 1.5C to 2C, to avert "dangerous" man-made climate change. The results of this warming, Schmidt said, can be seen from the heat waves in Australia and extended droughts to coastal flooding in the United States, in disappearing Arctic ice and shrinking glaciers. The world needs to halve its greenhouse gas emissions by the 2030s to avoid breaching limits set out in the Paris climate agreement, the United Nations warned previous year, at a time when global emissions show no sign of decline.

Temperature records between agencies and organizations vary slightly, due to how much data each collects, what monitoring stations they collect from, and what algorithms they use to accurately correct for factors such as urban heat.

The past five years have been the hottest in human history. Additionally, parts of the southern Pacific Ocean and sections of the north and south Atlantic Ocean also saw record high sea-surface temperatures.

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Weather dynamics often affect regional temperatures, so not every region on Earth experienced similar amounts of warming.

The data indicate that global warming shows no sign of stopping.

Many locations around the planet endured extreme weather and climate events in 2018, but the United States was hit particularly hard.

Temperatures continue to warm fastest in the polar regions, where alarming melting of ice was once again observed in 2018. That's 1.42 degrees (0.79 Celsius) warmer than the 20th century average.

Despite global efforts, planet-warming emissions are trending upward.

NASA announced today that 2018 was officially the 4th warmest year since the 1880s, with the fastest increase in warming found in the Arctic.

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